Top 10 Poorest Countries in the World
What does it mean to live in the poorest country in the world? The United States, for example, has a per capita GNI around $55,000, while impoverished countries live on less than $2,000. The cost of goods and services is much cheaper in these countries, and the quality of life is much lower. In many of these countries, there are no hospitals or clean drinking water, and even the most basic of services are scarce.
Eritrea is the 9th poorest country in the world
Eritrea is home to more than 131,119 refugees, 58,953 internally displaced persons, and 449 asylum seekers, according to the UN. In 2004, Eritreans sought refuge in sixteen countries, including the United Kingdom, Sudan, Germany, and Somalia. As of 2013, about one million people live in Eritrea. Eritrea’s government deemed a population change of 2.6% per year to be excessive.
The country is a famine-prone land. In May 1991, the Eritrean people resisted the Ethiopian military regime and established their own independent state. In 1993, they formed a provisional government, consisting of a 28-member executive council, and held elections at village, district, and provincial levels. The Eritrean government declared itself the 9th poorest country in the world.
The constitution of Eritrea provides for freedom of religion, but the government has imposed strict restrictions on Pente groups, or religious organizations not officially recognized by the government. The government began closing Pente facilities in 2001. Religious groups were required to register in order to carry on their practices. The government closed any facilities not affiliated with one of four principal groups. The government’s restrictions on religious activity are the most significant reason why Eritrea is the 9th poorest country in the world.
The government of Eritrea has imposed a tight restriction on freedom of expression and assembly. The country has banned privately owned print media in 2001, and the International Committee of the Red Cross was only recently allowed to operate in the country. The UN Security Council expressed concern over the rising tensions, and called for the full implementation of the EEBC’s ruling. The UN Mission in Eritrea and Ethiopia is a permanent UN force monitoring the ceasefire agreement between the two countries.
Liberia is the 8th poorest country in the world
With abundant natural resources and a favorable geographic location, Liberia should be a wealthy nation. In 2016, 2.2 million people were unable to meet their basic food needs. Approximately 1.5 million lived in rural areas, and 1.6 million were under the food poverty line. Some 670,000 people live in extreme poverty. After the Ebola outbreak and the collapse of global commodity prices, the country saw even more disparity between rich and poor.
Although the economy of Liberia has slowed in recent years, it has rebounded somewhat. It is projected to grow by 3.6% in 2021 due to the export of agricultural products and other goods. As a result, inflation in the country has slowed to 7.1% by July 2021, reflecting a lower price of food and cautious monetary policy. Even so, the nation has a long way to go before its GDP is up to its pre-election goal of $700 million.
Although Liberia is rich in natural resources, it has an untapped economic potential. The Liberian Government continues to implement its Pro-Poor Agenda for Prosperity and Development. The next Presidential and Legislative Elections are scheduled for October 2023. The recent Senatorial Special Elections may have given us a glimpse of what the elections will be like in 2023. This could further strengthen the ruling coalition.
Niger is the world’s poorest country
Niger has a low life expectancy of just over 40 years, and the infant mortality rate is shockingly high – one child in every five will die before reaching the fifth birthday. The risk of a woman dying during childbirth is one in nine. Young people make up a large percentage of the population – 45% are under the age of 15 – and the literacy rate ranges between 21% and 33%. Millions of Nigeriens live on less than two euros a day.
The US has a significant military presence in Niger, intended to counter Islamist militants. It is noted as one of the major transit routes for migrants to Europe. Former interior minister Mohamed Bazoum was elected president of Niger in April 2021, and his first priority is tackling the jihadist insurgency in the west of the country. The country’s media is a mix of state-owned and private broadcasters, and journalists face arrest for critical reporting. The Internet is widespread, with around 10% of the population online.
A key element in achieving economic development is tackling negative constraints and structural fragility. In Niger, the impact of climate change, health shocks, and security-related developments will be essential to the country’s recovery. Climate change and regional political instability pose a major threat to Niger’s economy and education sector. With seventy percent of the population dependent on subsistence agriculture, the country is prone to high levels of food insecurity and disease. Growing domestic insecurity and political instability affect public finances and school attendance. The country is also affected by social tensions, including a rise in gender violence.
Mozambique is the second poorest country in Africa
The health system in Mozambique is in a bad shape. The country has very low secondary education levels and lacks the necessary support to help young people transition to adulthood. Furthermore, there is an inadequate focus on youth development and adolescence. As a result, obtaining an education is difficult, especially for youth without parents. Many young orphans, without access to family or education, work to support themselves and their families and abandon their studies.
The Mozambique economy has steadily improved over the last few years, but progress has been more slow in the rural areas. One-third of Mozambican children are stunted, and over 40% suffer from chronic malnutrition. Food insecurity is a major concern. At least 25% of rural residents experience food insecurity, and over half of children under five are chronically malnourished. A lack of vitamin A compromises the immune system and can cause blindness.
While the country has a plethora of natural resources, it lacks the capacity and political will to protect those resources. While the government has begun to take action to protect these resources, challenges still exist. Increasing transparency and accountability requires better coordination between relevant government agencies and improved systems. The country needs a political leader who will stand up for its people and ensure the sustainability of its natural resources.
Sierra Leone is the 9th poorest country in Africa
The population of Sierra Leone is comprised of 16 ethnic groups, each with its own language and culture. The largest group of Sierra Leoneans are the Wesleyan-Mende, with Christian denominations also being a major presence. Both groups are represented in the Council of Churches, which represents the Protestant churches of Sierra Leone. Recently, Pentecostal churches have made significant inroads into Freetown.
The people of Sierra Leone are largely Krio, descendants of the Fula people of seventeenth and eighteenth century Guinea. They live in the eastern and northern regions and are primarily farmers and traders. Some of them are of Lebanese ancestry, descending from 19th century traders. While the vast majority of Krios are Christian, there is a significant Muslim minority, called Oku.
Although access to the internet has been limited in the past, the number of internet users has increased in recent years. While most cellular phone services are still limited, the country is served by a few large internet service providers. In Freetown, there are internet cafes and businesses that offer free WiFi. The slow connection speed of rural areas may result from intermittent power supply. For these reasons, Sierra Leone is the 9th poorest country in Africa.
The economy of Sierra Leone is largely undeveloped, with a low human development index (HDI) of 0.8. The country’s government, meanwhile, has been unable to make significant progress in improving its economy and tackling poverty. While there are some positive developments, there are also many negative factors that hamper the country’s economic development. For instance, the COVID-19 pandemic and the slow pace of vaccination programs exacerbate Sierra Leone’s poverty. The main domestic macroeconomic risks include rapid growth of monetary aggregates and weakening of the financial sector.
Benin is the 25th poorest country in the world
Benin is a small, impoverished country in west Africa with a population of 11.2 million. Its Gross National Income per capita (GNI) is below $2100, and more than half of its people live on less than $1.90 per day. Its economy depends on agriculture, which is extremely vulnerable to climate change and rainy seasons. Subsistence farming is the dominant mode of production.
The economy of Benin is largely dependent on informal re-export and transit trade with Nigeria, which accounts for more than 20 percent of its GDP. Despite these difficulties, Benin’s economy rebounded in 2021, growing at 6.6% year-over-year. Nevertheless, it remains vulnerable to market shocks, with its high dependence on oil and the low growth rate of its neighbor Nigeria.
This list of the poorest countries has a number of characteristics in common. All but three are located on the African continent. The Least Developed Countries (LDCs) are low-income countries with severe structural obstacles to sustainable development. Their economies are landlocked and agricultural, and their human capital is low. All the countries in this list are poor on a ppp basis. So, what makes them so poor?
Another major challenge in Benin is the spread of cholera. The country shares its international borders with Togo and Nigeria, which pose risks for cross-border transmission of cholera. In addition, the porous border and inadequate WASH conditions contribute to the spread of the disease. WHO recommends improving access to safe drinking water, food safety, and hygienic practices. The situation has even worsened with the outbreak of the cholera virus, which killed tens of thousands of people in the capital of Cotonou.